DevWASH-12: Sustainable clean water

Community designed and built latrine

Image: Community designed and built latrine.



Project Title: Sustainable Clean Water for 15 Kebeles

The DevWASH-12 project was launched to ensure the long-term sustainability of the emergency water relief effort provided by the ERRWASH-12 project, including support for hygiene and sanitation behavior change and construction of spare parts depots for water points.



The beneficiaries are 7,500 Hamar tribe pastoralists living in community clusters in 15 kebeles 1 in the Harmar woreda.2



The majority of water wells constructed in this area become non-functional alarmingly quickly. In remote and marginalized communities like the Hamar tribal area, local government does not have the resource to fix the water wells, and the community does not have skills to communicate and advocate for themselves. The capacity to sustain clean water must be built into the community.



With the emergency water relief project ERRWASH-12 we were able to refurbish 15 water schemes, purchase spare parts and teach basic hygiene and sanitation behavior to 7,500 people. The DevWASH-12 project allowed us to support the ability of these communities to repair their wells and maintain their clean water supplies.

With community participation we designed and dug pit latrines, constructed spare parts depots, and purchased goats for the water and sanitation committees to raise and sell to be able to purchase spare parts in the future.



For the first time in the Hamar area an emergency relief project provided the means for the community to maintain their clean water: goat tending would let them earn money for the purchase of spare parts for future use. USAID/OFDA was so impressed that their emergency relief fund was converted into a sustainable development project by partnering with private donors that they want to replicate this approach in other disaster-affected areas

The success of this project led us to advocate for a sustainable WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) follow-on projects for every emergency WASH project we participate in. While it is easier and faster to fund an emergency project than a development project, sustainable development activities need to follow close behind to make a lasting difference. These smaller, sustainable projects are ideally suited for private donors.



Before   After
Spare part depots   0   8
Pit latrines   0   60


  1. the smallest government unit
  2. group of 20-40 kebeles


  • Funding Partners: Boeing GCC; Rotary Club of Duluth and District 5580
  • Timeline: Completed Aug 2012